Quail – 1994

Coturnix coturnixSofliarSummer visitor, erratic breeder.  Not recorded from January to March, or in November

Breeding confirmed1
Breeding probable7
Breeding possible
No of tetrads occupied8 (of 478)
Percentage of tetrads1.7%

Considerable numbers occurred in Pembrokeshire during the irruption years of 1870, 1882, 1886, 1893 and 1899.  In 1870, for instance, many nests were found and 330 were shot by a group of 18 sportsmen  operating around the Pembrokeshire/Ceredigion border, with one shot at Tyrhos Common in December (Mathew 1894). Such incursions have not been recorded since.  Lockley et al (1949) noted the Quail as an almost regular passage migrant on the islands and mainland and that in most years it was heard in the spring along the coast, calling from  young corn and hay.  They also noted successful breeding on Dinas Island in 1948. 

Quail occur most years now but in very small numbers, mainly between May and July, mostly in barley fields. There was an influx of about 80 recorded from 18 localities during 1989, part of an exceptional national invasion. A few occasionally breed (see map), but this is usually only proven when chicks become casualties of silage cutting.

Donovan J.W. & Rees G.H, 1994, Birds of Pembrokeshire

More about the Quail in Pembrokeshire