Starling – 2021 breeding – can you help?

Sturnus vulgaris – DRUDWEN – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

If you look at the previous starling accounts you’ll see that the 1984-88 atlas showed them to be breeding in 40% of the tetrads (2x2km squares) across the county.  By the 2003-07 atlas, that had declined to just under 12%.  But what is the situation now?

This map shows where starlings have been recorded in April-June 2011-2020 according to records in BirdTrack.  The black squares indicate that the observer recorded definite evidence of breeding in 2021 – nests, birds carrying food, recently fledged youngsters (being fed), for example. This has doubled the number of tetrads with breeding evidence compared with the previous ten years.

Many thanks to those of you who have already added their sightings to BirdTrack this year, especially those who have been able to add evidence of breeding. If you have entered starling records to the WWBIC system, they are not shown here, but will be added in later in the year. If you have been recording starlings for Garden Birdwatch during April-May, these will also be added later in the year. This delay is simply because these recording schemes use different databases.

There is still time to update this map. The easiest way to do this, is for everyone to note where they see starlings in April, May and June, and add those records to BirdTrack.  In BirdTrack you can pinpoint a location on a map or aerial photo. Then when entering details, click on the ‘highest breeding evidence’ box and select the appropriate code.

Starlings may produce a second brood, so there is a chance of finding breeding birds in June. Flocks of starlings don’t count for this project (you should still record them, but don’t include a breeding code) – once independent, the fledged chicks quickly form flocks and move away from the nest sites, so could have come from anywhere.

If you really don’t want to use BirdTrack, then there is the WWBIC recording scheme either on-line or via their app (part of iRecord) where you’ll have to state in the comments field what you have seen. If all else fails, you can email me, but remember to include the site name, the site grid reference, and the breeding code.

The map will be updated in early July, though records not submitted through BirdTrack may take longer to incorporate so there will be another update later in the year.

More about the Starling in Pembrokeshire

Pintail – first and last dates

Anas acuta – HWYADEN LOSTFAIN – Winter visitor and passage migrant. Has bred

Dates of departure and arrival. Note that in some years, dates were complicated by a few pairs remaining to breed. For more detail on breeding, see Pintail – breeding records

YearLast recordedFirst recorded Comment
19818 April8 Sept 
19826 May8 Sept 
19837 April15 Oct 
198418 April4 Sept 
198524 March6 Oct 
198624 April2 Nov 
198721 April?Breeding?
198812 April?Breeding
1989  Breeding
1990  Breeding
1991  Breeding
199211 April5 OctBreeding
1993March6 SeptBreeding
199414 May26 AugBreeding
199514 May30 AugBreeding
1996Mid-April14 SeptNote (1) below
1998Feb20 SeptSummer
199923 April10 JuneSummer
200017 April23 Sept 
200115 March29 Aug 
200211 May16 SeptBreeding
20035 April14 Sept64 on Daugleddau 18 Jan
200430 March13 Sept 
200520 May21 Sept 
20069 April10 Sept 
200725 Jan28 Sept 
200827 Feb31 Aug 
2009March17 Sept 
201018 Feb4 Sept 
201118 Feb5 Sept59 at Sprinkle Pill on 13 Jan
201215 Feb14 Oct 
20136 April24 Sept 
2014 7 Sept 
201515 May14 Oct 
201629 Feb18 Oct 
20172 May28 Sept 
20187 May5 Oct 
20191 May22 Sept 
20205 April20 Sept 

Note (1) In 1996 a spring passage was detected on the Cleddau Estuary during daily monitoring of water birds immediately after the Sea Empress oil spill

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Pintail in Pembrokeshire

Red-breasted Merganser – Records

Mergus serrator – HWYADEN FRONGOCH – Winter visitor

Red-breasted Mergansers wintered regularly in small numbers on the Cleddau Estuary and other sites around Pembrokeshire. The maximum counts for each year are shown on the Wetland Bird Survey page. That page also shows the maximum numbers recorded in Carmarthen Bay from the Amroth/Wiseman’s Bridge area – these counts are ad hoc, and not part of WeBS.

The Wetland Bird survey shows a decline in the UK’s wintering population of Red-breasted Mergansers evident since the mid-1990s. Numbers wintering to the east of the UK increased steadily in the same period, suggesting a shift in wintering range, as has been shown for other waterbirds. However, there is now evidence of a decline there too.

Given the decline in numbers, this page shows all records as presented in the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports since 2010.

2010Max. 25 at Amroth on 27th Jan and 20 there on 11th Dec. All other records were of one or two birds from the Gann, Teifi, West Angle, Wisemans Bridge, Newport and Fishguard Harbour. Single birds passed Strumble Head on 3rd Sept & 23rd Oct.
2011Max. Amroth/Wisemans Bridge 21 on 18th Dec, three at Carew Millpond 20th Nov, two redheads were Broad haven (N) 6th Jan & Pwllgwaelod 19th Feb. All other records were of single birds at Fishguard Harbour on 3rd & 22nd Jan, Teifi Estuary 11th Oct and at Pembroke on 29th & 30th Dec.
2012Max 48 Wisemans Bridge 5th Jan with nine there on 3rd March, six Amroth on 8th Jan with 20 there on 18th Dec. The Gann had two on 1st Oct with all the other records being of single birds at the Teifi 21st March, Bluckspool 30th Oct & finally at Pencarnan on 12th Dec.
2013Max count was 12 at Wisemans Bridge on 21st Nov, a male at the Gann on 2nd June was quite late, possibly indicating an interest in breeding at the site again ?
2014Another species surely under recorded with only eight records received from five different sites, all counts received were of four at Wiseman’s Bridge on 8th Jan, a pair at Fishguard Harbour on 4th Jan (the only record from the North of the county), a pair at Amroth on 28th Dec, then singles at Bosherston 1st to 4th Jan and another on 4th Mar, at Carew Mill on 5th Jan and at Amroth on 10th Nov.
2015Recorded at The Gann, Newport & the Teifi in the North of the county and Saundersfoot, Amroth, Wisemans Bridge area in the South. Maximum count was of seven at Amroth on 28th Dec and four at Newport on 20th Oct. A bird seen from Lydstep Headland on 7th May was an interesting record and could possibly indicate a breeding attempt in the area.
2016A single fly past bird at Strumble Head on 21st Aug & two seen between Pwll Deri & Strumble Head on 21st Oct. Elsewhere: only recorded from the Teifi which had a max of four on 4th April and Amroth/Wiseman’s Bridge/Coppet Hall area which had the only double figure count of 12 at Amroth on 6th March.
2017Another species recorded at just a few sites, a maximum count of nine birds at Wiseman’s Bridge on 15th Dec.
2018Seven Amroth 31st Mar, four off Wiseman’s Bridge 3rd & 4th Jan, three off Monkstone Point 26th Dec, two Teifi Estuary 13th Nov. Otherwise singles at the Gann and Nevern.
2019 see below. Elsewhere: single Solva 15 Dec and five Wiseman’s Bridge 23 Dec. 
Fishguard Harbour511
St Bride’s Bay455
2020 Singles: off Aber Fforest 6 Jan, in Fishguard Harbour 8, 9 & 19 Jan, Solva 12 Jan, off Broad Haven (N) on 23 Oct, at Gann 4 – 22 Nov. Two on the Teifi Est 20 -21 Mar and 26 Oct. Largest numbers were off Wiseman’s Bridge with up to 11 in Jan (peak 26th), three in Feb (peak 3rd) and nine in December (peak 11th). Three off Skokholm 18 Sept.

More about the Red-breasted Merganser in Pembrokeshire

Barn Owl – report

Tyto alba – TYLLUAN WEN – Breeding resident.

The barn owl is a much admired and popular species, and its frequent use of artificial sites such as lofts and boxes for nesting, has led to them becoming the most comprehensively monitored of the owl species in UK as a whole.

Following major population declines during the 20th century there appears to have been a recovery in recent years (BTO Bird Atlas 2013). However, this apparent recovery is not evenly spread across all areas, and in the west of UK and in Ireland there is evidence of a range contraction and possibly an associated population decline.

In Pembrokeshire the status of barn owls has previously been described as “far from common” by both Mathew (1894) and Lockley (1949), while Lloyd (1925) considered them “uncommon” . A survey commissioned by RSPB in 1934 led to an estimate of 220 pairs in the county, and in Birds of Pembrokeshire (1994) Rees and Donovan suggest a total of around 100 pairs based on a general survey in 1984-88.

But what is the situation now? Read the full report:

Paddy Jenks


All records of Barn Owl can be added to BirdTrack. If there is evidence of breeding, please select the appropriate code from the drop-down box. There is no need to enter a site to see evidence of breeding – an owl carrying food to a likely nesting place, or the calls of chicks are adequate evidence.

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Barn Owl in Pembrokeshire

Richard’s Pipit – Records

Anthus richardi – Corhedydd RichardScarce visitor

1967 – Skokholm singles 13 Sep, 17-30 Oct, 16 Nov; Five at Wooltack Point 25 Nov

1968 – Skokholm – singles 7-8 Oct, 21-22 Oct; 26 Oct-5 Nov

1969 – Skokholm single 25 Sep

1970 – Skokholm two on 27 Sep, four on 29 Sep, single on 7-17 Oct

1971 – Skokholm, singles 12 Sep, 6-7 Oct, two on 24 Oct

1973 – Skomer single 18 Oct

1976 – Dowrog single 22 Oct

Above records taken from the WRP database & Welsh Bird Reports

1982 – Skokholm single 10 Oct (JD, EGG, GGG)

1983 – The Smalls single 30 Sep (MPL)

1985 – Stackpole single Warren 29 Sep (RJH)

1987 – Skokholm single 27 Sep (MB)

1988 – Skokholm singles 19-21 Sep, 12-14 Oct, 20 Oct (MB et al)

1989 – Single Skomer 9 Apr – First spring record for Pembs

1992 – Singles Skomer 11 Mar, Skokholm 6,7 & 9 Nov

1993 – Skokholm single 8 Oct (MB)

1994 – Singles Ramsey 1,4 & 9 Nov (DJA, IDB, JG) , Skokholm 14-15 Oct (MB)

1995 – Singles Esso 15 Oct (JWD), Strumble Hd 22 and 31 Oct (GHR) and 3 Marloes Mere 17 Oct, 2 on 18th (0 & GR et al).

1997 – One Angle Bay 18 Dec (AW) First Dec record for Pembs

2000 – Single Skomer 13 Nov (JGB).

2001 – Singles Skokholm 4-5 Oct and 10 Nov (GT).

2002 – Singles Strumble Hd 29 Sept (MYP), Pen Porth 3 Oct (BDG), Skomer 30 Sept and 22 Oct (JGB)

2003 – A good autumn for this species, singles Strumble Hd 18 Oct and 22 Oct (SEB, MYP et al), Whitesands 16 Oct, St Davids 24 Oct, Porthselau 26 Oct with 2 there 22-23 Oct and 11 Nov (PKG et al)

2004 – Singles Skomer on 11 and 31 Oct both flying W (JGB).

2005 – Singles Pembroke River 20 Oct (RE), Pen Anglas 22 Oct (AR).

2006 – Single bird heard Skomer 14 Oct (JGB).

2007 – The only accepted record was of a single at Point St. John by Ramsey Sound on 11th Oct (JB & MB). Additional record from 2007, one at St. David’s Head on 20th Oct. (MYP).

2008 – There were two records this year both of singles on Skomer on 26th Oct (DB) and at Angle Bay on 16th Dec (PJ).

2010 – The only record was of one at Freshwater West on 6th Dec (CH).

2011 – Singles Skomer on 14th & 28th Oct and 12th Nov (all DB), St. Davids Head on 2nd Nov (MYP) and Marloes Mere on 19th Nov (DJA).

2013 – A single at Strumble Head on 1st Oct (AR), Angle Bay 9 Nov-31 Dec (see below)

2014 – Single Skokholm on 15th Sept. (RDB, GE). One over-wintered at Rhoscrowther, Angle Bay from 9th Nov 2013 – 24th Feb 2014 (M. Ahmed)

Skokholm Annual Report 2014 – A vocal bird which flew low and east over the Gap on 15th September was the first Skokholm record since 2001 (RDB, GE). All Skokholm records sit within the period 12th September to 10th November and are typically of single birds, although there were four logged on 26th October 1968 and 29th September 1970.

2016 – (Skokholm record accepted by the County Records Panel but not included in Pembs or Welsh Bird Reports)

Skokholm Annual Report 2016 – A vocal bird on 21st October circled North Plain and then Orchid Bog before heading east (GE, RDB); it seemingly continued for the mainland as it could not be located on the Neck. This was the first Island record since another east-bound flyover found on 15th September 2014. The only other records this century were on the 4th and 5th October and 10th November 2001 and on 2nd May 2000.

2017 – One on Skokholm 21st Oct was the only record.

Skokholm Annual Report 2017 A typically vocal and rather skittish bird which dropped into Home Meadow on a drizzly 2nd November also perched in an Elder to the south of the meadow and briefly visited the Knoll before heading off high in a north-easterly direction (RDB, GE).

2018 – Single Skokholm on 10th Oct.

Skokholm Annual Report 2018 A typically vocal and rather skittish bird flushed from Purple Cove on 10th October was picked up in flight over South Pond and briefly relocated on the ground at Frank’s Point before it flew off north (GE, RDB).

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports and the Skokholm Annual Reports

More about the Richard’s Pipit in Pembrokeshire

Lapland Bunting – first and last dates

Calcarius lapponicus– BRAS Y GOGLEDD – Passage migrant.

Photo – one of two Lapland Buntings which dropped in on North Plain, Skokholm on 27 March 2017. This was the first spring record since 1995, the first March record ever and only the fifth spring sighting for the Island. Richard Brown, Skokholm Blog.

YearWinter/Spring recordsAutumn migrationNotes
198114 May
198428 September
198530 Sep – 20 Oct
198715 Sep – 1 Nov26 at Strumble on 5 October
198824 Sep – 14 Nov26 at Strumble on 24 September
19895 February30 July – 2 Nov
199030 Sep – 22 Nov
199115 Sep – 23 Oct
199227 Sep – 13 Nov
199326 January 17 Sep – 19 Novup to 34 on Ramsey 10 October
199411 Sep – 5 Dec
199518 May20 Sep – 3 Nov
199620 Sep – 10 Oct
19973 Sep – 24 Oct
199824 Sep – 15 Nov
19999 Oct – 25 Oct
200019 Sep – 22 Oct
200110 Oct – 18 Oct
20021 Oct – 26 Oct
200329 Sep – 14 Oct
200415 Sep – 31 Oct
200530 January23 October
20064 – 6 February14 October
200720 May13 Sep – 12 Nov
200822 April25 Sep – 13 Nov
200926 Sep – 28 Oct
20105 Sep – 26 NovLargest influx for many years – up to 100 birds
201112 March & 7 April22 Sep – 17 Decmax count 18 on Dale Airfield 23 October
20125 Feb & 22 March29 Sep – 15 Novmax count 16 Dale Airfield 6 November
20139 Jan – 9 April1 Nov – 26 Decmax count 19 Dale Airfield 25 November
20142 Jan – 4 April1 Oct – 5 Nov
201510 Oct – 13 Dec
20167 Oct – 27 Nov
20171 Jan – 23 March9 Oct – 25 Nov
201811 March4 October
20192 Oct – 23 Nov
202018 Sep – 22 Nov

Records summarised from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports

More about the Lapland Bunting in Pembrokeshire

Hooded Crow – records

Corvus cornix – BRAN LWYD – Scarce visitor

The hooded crow was considered by most authorities to be a geographical races of the carrion crow as hybridization occurred where their ranges overlapped. However, in 2002, the hooded crow was elevated to full species status after closer observation showed that hybridisation was less than expected and hybrids had decreased vigour.

It continues to be a scarce bird in Pembrokeshire, with up to half a dozen records a year, mostly of single birds, and sometimes of long-staying individuals. The majority of records are from the St Davids to Fishguard area, although records from the south are becoming more frequent.

2002 – one Winterton Fm (Marloes) 14 Feb.

2003 – one Strumble Hd 30 Mar (SEB)

2004 – Three recorded: St David’s 1 May (LL); Trellwyn Fach nr Cwm Gwaun 31 Aug (J&MB) and between Dinas and Pontfaen 29 Dec (DJA).

2005 – Two records: St Davids 7-8 May (JB, PKG) and Skomer 8 May (JGB), this was the first on the island since 1995.

2006 – Two records: Treginnis Fm St Davids 9 May (RJC) and Pencarnan St Davids 18 Dec (JB&M).

2007 – Two records received both of singles at Ramsey, heading east, on 29 Jan. (GM) and at Marloes Mere on 24th Apr. (DG).

2008 – Singles St David’s on 12 Jan, Ramsey on 11 May and Skokholm on 16 June.

2009 – One over Ramsey Sound on 28 Apr.

2010 – A single bird on Ramsey on 21st Apr which was then relocated on the mainland at St. Justinians on 26th Apr and was last reported from Pencarnan on 16th May (GM, LM, JB. MB).

2011 – All records of singles were: in April at Cemaes Head on 17th, at St.David’s Head on 24th, and at Marloes Mere 25th. In December at the Dowrog on 17th and presumably the same bird was seen flying over Carn Lidl, St. David’s Head on 21st.

2012 – At St. David’s Head, single birds were recorded between 8th Jan & 22nd May on various dates which may all refer to just a single bird present during that time or up to three different birds, this could also be the bird that was recorded at St.Justinians on 27th of May.On Skokholm a bird was seen flying towards the mainland on 15th Apr and was most likely the same individual at Dale on 19th Apr and may be at Brownslade Burrows on 19th May. A single at St.Ann’s Head on 7th Oct.

2013 – All records received were of single birds at Ramsey 16th & 21st May and 10th June, at Haroldston Chins 26th to 29th May, Abereiddi 28th May, Teifi Est. 2nd & 3rd Aug, Marloes 12th Aug, Gann 5th to 14th Sept then probably the same bird on Dale Airfield on 15th Sept, Pencarnan 17th to 25th Nov which then again was presumably the same bird at St.David’s Head on 17th Dec

2014 – Single birds on Skomer on 24th Apr & 14th May, Pencarnan on 1st & 2nd May, then two Martins Haven on 7th May reducing to a single bird on 9th and finally another single bird on Ramsey on 16th May. As with other years it’s quite likely there are only two birds involved in these sightings.

2015 – Single birds recorded at Wooltack Point 15th March, Ramsey 3rd April with probably the same bird on Skokholm the next day, Skomer 8th June & Martins Haven 17th October.

2016 – Singles seen Marloes on 7th May, Pen Anglas and St David’s Head on 15th May also Pencarnan Farm St David’s on 12th June.

2017 – Singles at Aber Mawr 9th Feb, Skokholm on 22nd Mar, St. Brides Bay on 16th Apr, at Pen Beri on 8th Dec, with two at Pen Caer on 30th Mar And two on Skomer on 17th Apr.

2018 – Reported from at least 12 1km square locations. Singles Cause Way Plantation on 30th Mar, Pencarnan Campsite 24th -26th April, Marloes on 30th Apr and 11th Nov, St. David’s Head 1 st – 9 th May, Ramsey 14th June, Treseissylit on 22nd June, Angle 28th July – 12th Aug, Rhoscrowther on 7th Aug, St Ann’s Head on 6th Oct, Skokholm on 18th Oct, Gann 17 th Nov – 29th Dec.

2019 – Singles were recorded at: Croesgoch 31 Jan, Gann 2 Jan – 28 Feb, Nevern Est 25 Mar, Skokholm 25 Mar, 4 – 23 Apr and 19 May, Pencarnan Camp, St. David’s 2 Apr, 17 – 21 Oct, St. Justinian’s 13 Apr & 8 Sept, Porthgain 1 May.

2020 – Singles were recorded at: Nevern Est 16 Mar & 15 June, Pencarnan Camp, St. Davids 26 – 30 Mar (presumably the same bird was also seen on Ramsey 30 Mar), Skokholm 8 Apr, Carn Ingli 24 May, St. Davids 28 June – 1 July, Strumble Head – Carregwasted 9 – 10 July, West Dale 16 July, Goodwick 14 Aug, Strumble Head 5 Aug, Porthlysgi 17 Oct and at Heol Penlan 13 Nov.

More about the Hooded Crow in Pembrokeshire

Black Tern – records since 2000

Chlidonias nigerCors-wennol DduAnnual passage migrant.

See also analysis of records presented in Black Tern 1994 and Black Tern 2006

2000 – 87 passed Strumble Hd on 14 dates, 27 Aug-23 Oct, max 45 on 24 Sept. Otherwise 2 Newgale Marsh 28 Sept with one remaining to 30 Sept.

2001 – Well above average passage with 182 logged at Strumble Hd, 25 Aug – 28 Oct, max 97 on 8 Oct

2002 – 18 passed Strumble Hd on 9 dates between 10 Aug-4 Oct, max 8 on 25 Sept

2003 – 7 passed Strumble Hd. on 5 dates between 16 Aug- 2 Oct. max 2 on 4 & 16 Sept. The smallest passage logged since 1993.

2004 – Passage noted at Strumble Hd between 8 Aug- 30 Sept. A total of 28 in Aug & 29 in Sept.  Max 13 on 8 Aug. Elsewhere singles from the Fishguard ferry 13 Aug, w of Grassholm 5 Sept & 3 Skomer 11 Sept.

2005 – 3 nr Grassholm 6 Sept, singles Nevern Est & Teifi Est 25thand Fishguard Harb 28th. Passage at Strumble Hd noted between 21 Aug – 26 Oct. Maxa a remarkable 536 on 31 Aug when party after party, on approaching the shore, bunched up & climbed steeply to disappear into the low cloud. Also 117 on 1 Sept (cf Commic Tern). Both dates surpassing the previous max day count of 112 on 27 Aug 1997. Totals for the whole Autumn add up to the best passage on record. Monthly totals were; Aug 543, Sept 133, Oct 1

2006 – Passage at Strumble Hd noted between 11 Aug – 9 Oct. Max 48 on 14 Sept. Monthly totals Aug 26, Sept 209, Oct 26

2007 – The only records were singles off Strumble Head on 12 & 20 Aug, and 10 & 16 Sept (GHR, AR, RS).  This is the smallest passage logged since 1993.

2008 – Spring records are unusual in the county, but this year there were a few, all sinqles. At Marloes Mere 17th Apr., in Jack’s Sound on 5th May, off Freshwater West on 14 May and one for three days at Bosherston 18th — 21 st Apr.

In autumn one at Bosherston18th — 20th Sept. and off Strumble Head one on 31 Aug. In September, 40 on the 1st, 14 on the 2nd, one on the 3rd & 4th, two on 11th and 8 on 14th.

2009 – Very few reported this year, only passage birds off Strumble Head, singles on 23rd & 31st Aug, two on 3rd & 4th Sept with one the following day.

2010 – A single bird was reported from Bosherston on 14th Sept, then another at Pembroke Mill Pond from 4th to 6th Oct. All other records came from Strumble Head where a total of 131 passed between 15th Aug & 6th Oct, max 54 on 5th Sept.

2011 – Strumble Head: A total of 105 birds passed on 15 dates between 31st Aug & 18th Oct max 40 on 18th Sept. The only other records were of a juvenile present at Bosherston from 30th Oct until 1st Nov and one off Skomer on 12th Sept.

2012 – 39 were counted amongst the Commons on Newport beach on 17th Aug. Otherwise the only records were from Strumble Head where a total of 232 birds passed on 19 dates between 13th Aug & 13th Sept, max 177 on 18th Aug. A bird seen on 27th Aug was present in front of the Strumble lookout for over 4 hours feeding with other flocks of birds that were moving through & was never seen to land during that time.

2013 – Again only recorded at Strumble Head, a very low year with only four birds seen. Singles on 28th Aug & the quite late date of 5th Oct and two on 30th Aug.

2014 – Another species only recorded at Strumble Head where 27 birds passed. In August a single on 27th, 16 on 28th, four on 29th and two each on 30th & 31st. The only other record was of two birds passing on 9th Oct.

2015 – Another species only recorded at Strumble Head. A good year for this species with 149 recorded, Maximum count 105 on 23rd Aug.

2016 – At Strumble Head, annual totals fluctuate; 2016 being a low year, with just 20 records, max.10 on 13th Sept. Skokholm had four birds on 13th Sept. Elsewhere: two at St. Brides Bay on 13th Sept and eight in Fishguard Harbour 24th Sept. 13 seen off Skomer on 29th Sept and three the following day.

2017 – Only five birds recorded at Strumble Head again underlining a very poor year for Tern species there and in the county generally.

2018 – A total of nine logged passing Strumble Head, all in August: two on 25th, four on 26th and three on 27th. Single off Broad Haven 2nd Sept.

2019 – Off Strumble Head nine on 31 Aug, single 1 Sept, two 5 Sept. Only other record was of two off Teifi Est 12 Sept.

2020 – All records were of birds passing Strumble Head: two on 22 Aug and one on 26 Aug & 5 Oct.

Graham Rees. Pembrokeshire County Bird Recorder 1981-2007

More about the Black Tern in Pembrokeshire

Puffin – first and last

Fratercula arctica – PAL – Breeding summer visitor

YearFirst sightingLast sightingSkokholm
max count
max count
see below
198328 December3500
198422 March25 October3668c.7000+ pairs
19892175c.5700 pairs
1990c.2000-2500 pairsc.5000-6000 pairs
19914432c.5000-6000 pairs
19922505c.5000-6000 pairs
19936 March
earliest recorded
5 December2,145 in April
6,209 in July
c.11,000 spring
c.18,000 in July
199521 March19 August (Skomer)2,700 in spring10,473 in spring
199624 March27 September3,332 on 7 April
5,275 in July
9,141 in spring
11,869 in summer
199721 March24 September3,250 in spring9,049 in spring
19985 Jan (Strumble)17 Oct (Strumble)2,774 on 1 April9,235 in spring
199920 March30 Sept (Strumble)3,083 in spring9,213 in spring
20003,092 in spring10,614 in spring(4)
2001 15 March31 Oct (Strumble)7,854
20026 Feb (Strumble)7 Nov (Strumble)c.4,00010,338
200319 March9 Oct (Strumble)8,537 in May
21,292 in July
200413 March6 Oct (Strumble)10,688 on 14 May
200525 Oct (Strumble)10,717 on 6 May
200627 Dec (Wooltack)4,51010,876
200717 Sept (Strumble)4,900 AOS11,821 on 4 April
200819 March14 August (with fish)10,487
200912 July (Strumble)13,508 in spring
201117 Dec (Strumble)
201426 March17 August5,070 on 10 April18,237
20156,645 on 14 May21,349
20164 Feb (Ramsey)21 Oct (Pwll-deri)6,69222,539
201723 March14 Oct (Strumble)7,800 in May25,227
201813 March21 Sept (Strumble)8,762 30,895
20191 March5 Sept (Strumble)7,44724,108
202016 March5 September8,53434,796

(1) 291 found oiled during the Bridgeness incident

(2) Leucistic bird on Skokholm

(3) No puffins affected by Sea Empress oil spill, as this predated their arrival

(4) All white bird on Skomer

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire bird reports

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Puffin in Pembrokeshire

Whooper Swan – records

Cygnus cygnus – ALARCH GOGLEDD – Scarce winter visitor and passage migrant

Earlier records are summarised in Whooper Swan 1994

This table shows the number of individuals reported in each month. Note that any individual or group may have stayed into the next month or two, therefore these figures do not add up to the number of records, or the number of actual individuals reported in any one year.

1993    41 7 2
1994 11 5    3
1995    33  21
1996  22    37(1)
19971899    53
1998333     11
1999333    972
2000111    9182
20011  2   113
200210111 1   212
20036   1  4 1
2004 1 1   23 
20051       1410
20063111  1 1 
2007222     2 
2008       582
2009126      146
20101655     1015
2011444    1103
201235     6203
2013       565
2014       105 
20162 11   27 
20172 1   116265
20184     418913
2019818921  17143

Notes: (1) One seen briefly at Bosherston Lakes on 29 November 1996 had been colour-ringed in Iceland. This record was in the 1997 report, but the archive shows it actually referred to 1996.

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Whooper Swan in Pembrokeshire