Coot – 2015 WeBS

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

Maximum winter counts from all sites counted for the Wetland Bird Survey in Pembrokeshire.  Data after 2000 includes the Teifi Estuary.

Main wintering sites for this species are the Bosherston Lakes, South Hook Pools, Llys-y-fran and Rosebush Reservoirs and Pembroke Millponds.  Bicton Reservoirs was a major wintering site, but has not been used much by coot since 2000. 

The dramatic decline of the last four seasons reflects the trend across Wales, and Britain as a whole.

The Welsh Bird Report for 2014 suggests there are indications of a severe decline in breeding numbers in several western counties in recent years and wintering numbers have also declined at several sites.

Annie Haycock, Pembrokeshire WeBS coordinator

More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot – 2003-07 breeding

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

Comparison with previous atlas:

1984-882003-07
Breeding confirmed1819
Breeding probable8
Breeding possible86
No of tetrads occupied26 (of 478)33 (of 490)
Percentage of tetrads5.4%6.5%

A comparison with the 1988-84 survey indicates a 23% increase in distribution by the latter period. However, the overall number involved has decreased. At least two previously occupied sites have disappeared, while a change in use at another has caused Coots to desert it. There has been a marked decrease at Bosherston, coincident with an increase in Otter activity there, which was where the greatest concentration was found in the 1980’s. There were probably no more than 52 pairs breeding in the county by 2007, compared to 75 pairs in 1988.

Graham Rees (County bird recorder 1981 to 2007)

Rees G.H., Haycock R.J., Haycock A, Hodges J.E., Sutcliffe S.J., Jenks P, and Dobbins R. 2008, Atlas of Breeding Birds in Pembrokeshire 2003-07. Pembrokeshire Bird Group.

More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot – 1994

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

1984-88
Breeding confirmed18
Breeding probable
Breeding possible8
No of tetrads occupied26 (of 478)
Percentage of tetrads5.4%

Mathew (1894) stated that the Coot was confined as a breeder to the few large ponds in the county and that it was a regular, but not numerous, winter visitor. Lockley et al. (1949) mention only a few breeding localities and agreed that it was a winter visitor in small numbers, but that “thousands” appeared on the Cleddau Estuary in the severe winters of 1933/34 and 1946/47. No large visitations like that have been recorded since, not even during the arctic winters of 1962 and 1963 when groups of up to ten were forced onto the saltings.

The Coot is now widely distributed as a breeding bird, the creation of farm irrigation reservoirs having presented it with the opportunity to spread beyond the long established ponds. The 1984-1988 Breeding Birds Survey estimated a population of about 75 breeding pairs.

Numbers are augmented during the winter, when Coots can be found scattered over many small waters with larger concentrations at Llysyfran reservoir, Pembroke Mill Ponds and particularly Bosherston Pools, where 200-300 normally gather and the county maximum of 368 occurred on 14 January 1986. Numbers build up from mid-September to peak in January and February and then dwindle during March. Coots occasionally occur on the islands of Skokholm and Skomer in July and August, probably part of post-breeding dispersal and of a local nature, and more rarely in October, when the birds concerned could be migrants from further afield. Ringing recoveries show that Coots come from as far away as Latvia and Jutland and that some pass on to Ireland.

Donovan J.W. & Rees G.H, 1994, Birds of Pembrokeshire

More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot – 1980s winter

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

The BTO winter atlas showed that Coots were present in most 10km squares during the winters of 1981-82, 1982-82 and 1983-84.

The darker the colour, the higher the relative total count for each 10km square.  The darkest blue represents over 119 birds, up to 300 being noted at Bosherston.

Graham Rees (County bird recorder 1981 to 2007)

Data collected by volunteers for the BTO. Lack, P. 1986 Atlas of wintering birds in Britain and Ireland. T & A.D. Poyser.

More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot – 1949

Fulica atra atra

Mathew describes it as resident on the few large pools in the summer but not numerous, even in winter. 

Breeds (1948) at Bosherston Pools, and three pools near St Davids (including Dowrog).  A winter visitor in small numbers, except in severe weather when thousands appear on Milford Haven estuary (eg winter 1933-34 and 1946-47).  Recorded occasionally Skokholm in autumn.  One adult and a jvenile seen on the sea off Grassholm, 6 Aug 1933.

R.M.Lockley, G.C.S.Ingram, H.M.Salmon, 1949, The Birds of Pembrokeshire, The West Wales Field Society 

More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant

Coot – WeBS 2020-21

The latest figures from the Wetland Bird Survey in Pembrokeshire – totals from all count sites.

Coot – 2015 WeBS

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant Maximum winter counts from all sites counted for the Wetland Bird Survey in Pembrokeshire.  Data after 2000 includes the Teifi Estuary. Main wintering sites for this species are the Bosherston Lakes, South Hook Pools, Llys-y-fran and Rosebush Reservoirs and Pembroke Millponds.  Bicton Reservoirs was a […]

Coot – 2003-07 breeding

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant Comparison with previous atlas: 1984-88 2003-07 Breeding confirmed 18 19 Breeding probable 8 Breeding possible 8 6 No of tetrads occupied 26 (of 478) 33 (of 490) Percentage of tetrads 5.4% 6.5% A comparison with the 1988-84 survey indicates a 23% increase in […]

Coot – 1994

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant 1984-88 Breeding confirmed 18 Breeding probable Breeding possible 8 No of tetrads occupied 26 (of 478) Percentage of tetrads 5.4% Mathew (1894) stated that the Coot was confined as a breeder to the few large ponds in the county and that it was a regular, […]

Coot – 1980s winter

Fulica atra – CWTIAR – Breeding resident, winter visitor and passage migrant The BTO winter atlas showed that Coots were present in most 10km squares during the winters of 1981-82, 1982-82 and 1983-84. The darker the colour, the higher the relative total count for each 10km square.  The darkest blue represents over 119 birds, up to 300 being noted […]

Coot – 1968-72 breeding

Red = breeding confirmed Orange = breeding probable Yellow = breeding possible More about the Coot in Pembrokeshire

Coot – 1949

Species account from the Birds of Pembrokeshire, 1949, by Lockley, Ingram and Salmon.

Coot – 1894

Fullica atra Resident; but confined to the few large ponds in the county, such as those at Orielton, Heathfield, Stackpole, &c, where there are rushes, &c, for their nests. Mr. Dix considers the Coot “a regular winter visitor, but not numerous.” Sir Hugh Owen has shot Coots at Goodwick. Mathew M.A. 1894, Birds of Pembrokeshire and its […]