Long-tailed Tit – records

Aegithalos caudatusTitw Cynffon-hirBreeding resident

Generally considered a sedentary, common and widespread breeding species, long-tailed tits can sometimes make surprisingly longer journeys, occasionally reaching the offshore islands in autumn.  Family parties of up to a dozen birds are not uncommon, but sometimes they gather in larger numbers.

1990 – Three reached Skomer 28 Nov.

1993 – A good breeding season judging by groups of up to 20 being widespread in autumn, 4 reaching Ramsey 26 Oct, 10 on 21 Nov and 3 Skokholm 24 Oct.

1994 – Frequently encountered, seen at Ramsey 2 Nov and 4 at Skomer 21 Nov

1995 – Population at high level judging by widespread occurrences throughout year.  6 reached Skomer 20 Oct with 7 there 31 Oct

1997 – Appeared to come through the cold spell unscathed as widespread in breeding season and mnay brood sseen.  6 reached Skomer 6 Oct, with 3 there 31 Oct;  6 on 12 and 15 Nov; and 5 on 14 Nov

1998 – 16 wandered as far as Skomer 14 Nov (SS)

1999 – One Skomer 15 Oct, 10 there 14 Oct.

2000 – 17 reached Skomer 15 Oct (JGB).

2002 – 7 were at Skomer on 24 Oct, 3 remaining for another day (JGB).

2004 – Up to 10 recorded Strumble Hd Oct-Dec. On Skomer, 2 were present 12 Oct and 2 moved east 2 Nov

2008 – On Ramsey – 6 on 22 Oct were the first records since 1995. Further records then ocurred with 4 on 30th and 25 on 31st Oct;  7 on 1st Nov and 8 on 3rd Nov.

On Skomer – four on October 24th and three on the 29th. Ten present on November 1st rising to 25 on the 3rd (highest ever record), a flock of 12 were seen heading for Grassholm on this day. Over 22 present on November 4th, ten  on the 5th. eight on the 6th, five on the 8th, and four on the 14th and 16th

2009 – A party of six on Skomer on 9th Nov.

2010 – Max counts 34 Freestone cottage 29th June and 30 Dinas Head on 1st Nov. Six on Ramsey on 6th Nov.

2011 – Max counts were 31 Porthclais on 7th Nov, 25 Ceiwbr on 16th Oct and 20 at Kilgetty on 2nd Oct and at Bosherston on 17th Nov

2016 – Max count of 12 at Teifi Marshes on 7th March and 16th June and Lydstep on 19th Oct.

2017 – Highest count 25 Stackpole on 1st Nov. Influx noted on Skomer in October, with 35 on 25th and 44 on 27th

2018 – Maximum count was 15 at Scolton on 14th Dec

2019 – Largest flocks included: 14 at Burton 1 Jan, 19 Teifi Marshes 28 Sept and 15 at St. Brides 24 Nov. Counts of 27 on Skomer on 28 Oct and 36 there 3 Nov.

2020 – Largest flocks included: 27 Pontiago 23 June, 15 Westfield Pill 28 Aug, 25 Pencarnan Camp, St. Davids 11 Oct, 20 The Bug Farm, St. Davids 14 Oct and 20 Ford Pill – Paskeston 29 Oct & 12 Nov.

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports

More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire

Long-tailed Tit – 2003-07 breeding

Aegithalos caudatusTitw Cynffon-hirBreeding resident

Comparison with previous atlas:

1984-882003-07
Breeding confirmed109134
Breeding probable3553
Breeding possible5139
No of tetrads occupied195 (of 478)226 (of 490)
Percentage of tetrads40.8%46.1%

Suffering high mortality during severe winters, the breeding population during the 1984-88 survey was considered to be below optimum because of the effects of the cold winter of 1979. Numbers showed signs of recovery during the period of the survey and by 1988 it was estimated that between 1,100 and 1,600 pairs were breeding in the county, based on there being an average of six to eight pairs per occupied tetrad. The 2003-07 survey took place following a long period of mild winters and showed a 16% spread in distribution. The BBS findings suggested there was a 58% increase in Wales between 1994 and 2007, which if applied to the 2003-07 distribution gives an estimate of 2,500 breeding pairs in Pembrokeshire by the end of 2007.

Graham Rees. Pembrokeshire County Bird Recorder 1981-2007

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire

Long-tailed Tit – 1994

Aegithalos caudatusTitw Cynffon-hirBreeding resident

1984-88
Breeding confirmed109
Breeding probable35
Breeding possible51
No of tetrads occupied195 (of 478)
Percentage of tetrads40.8%

Mathew (1894) and Lockley et al. (1949) found the Long-tailed Tit to be a common resident.

Long-tailed Tits suffer high mortality during severe winters, the winters of 1949, 1962 and 1963 drastically reducing Pembrokeshire’s population, but numbers recoup during subsequent milder periods. The 1979 cold spell had less effect but did mean that the Breeding Birds Survey of 1984-1988 was conducted during a recovery period and fewer Long-tailed Tits were found during the earlier years than towards the end of the survey. An estimated average density of six to eight pairs per tetrad was reached by 1988, suggesting a total county population of between 1,100 and 1,600 pairs. They were commoner on two of the plots in 1989 than in 1988, so our county estimate probably does not represent the maximum population possible.

Long-tailed Tits have a tendency to ‘spill over’ to atypical habitat during the autumn, being seen swinging about the cliff faces of the outer coast, while a few have reached the offshore islands of Skomer and Skokholm. A flock of 30 was seen at Skomer on 12 October 1967.

Donovan J.W. & Rees G.H, 1994, Birds of Pembrokeshire

More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire

Long-tailed Tit – 1980s winter

Aegithalos caudatus rosaceusTitw Cynffon-hirBreeding resident

The BTO winter atlas showed that Long-tailed Tits were present in most 10km squares during the winters of 1981-82, 1982-82 and 1983-84.

The darker the colour, the higher the relative total count for each 10km square.  The darkest blue represents 16-28 birds.

Graham Rees. Pembrokeshire County Bird Recorder 1981-2007

Data collected by volunteers for the BTO. Lack, P. 1986 Atlas of wintering birds in Britain and Ireland. T & A.D. Poyser.

More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire

Long-tailed Tit – 1894

Acredula rosea – A common resident.

This minute species was very plentiful around Stone Hall, where the larch and spruce covers afforded the members of the Tit family both shelter and an abundance of the insect food they love. We frequently came across its beautiful nest in the woods, and noticed that the materials employed by the tiny architects varied with the situation. In an oak the nest would be constructed of dead oak leaves and the grey lichens from the trunk of the tree; in a willow overhanging the stream the nest was made of moss and Pheasant’s feathers; the bright feathers of a Cock Pheasant’s neck were stuck around the tiny aperture as if for decoration.

Mathew M.A. 1894, Birds of Pembrokeshire and its Islands

More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire

Long-tailed Tit

Aegithalos caudatusTitw Cynffon-hirBreeding resident

Long-tailed Tit – records

Aegithalos caudatus – Titw Cynffon-hir– Breeding resident Generally considered a sedentary, common and widespread breeding species, long-tailed tits can sometimes make surprisingly longer journeys, occasionally reaching the offshore islands in autumn.  Family parties of up to a dozen birds are not uncommon, but sometimes they gather in larger numbers. 1990 – Three reached Skomer 28 […]

Long-tailed Tit – 2003-07 breeding

Aegithalos caudatus – Titw Cynffon-hir– Breeding resident Comparison with previous atlas: 1984-88 2003-07 Breeding confirmed 109 134 Breeding probable 35 53 Breeding possible 51 39 No of tetrads occupied 195 (of 478) 226 (of 490) Percentage of tetrads 40.8% 46.1% Suffering high mortality during severe winters, the breeding population during the 1984-88 survey was considered […]

Long-tailed Tit – 1994

Aegithalos caudatus – Titw Cynffon-hir– Breeding resident 1984-88 Breeding confirmed 109 Breeding probable 35 Breeding possible 51 No of tetrads occupied 195 (of 478) Percentage of tetrads 40.8% Mathew (1894) and Lockley et al. (1949) found the Long-tailed Tit to be a common resident. Long-tailed Tits suffer high mortality during severe winters, the winters of 1949, 1962 […]

Long-tailed Tit – 1980s winter

Aegithalos caudatus rosaceus – Titw Cynffon-hir– Breeding resident The BTO winter atlas showed that Long-tailed Tits were present in most 10km squares during the winters of 1981-82, 1982-82 and 1983-84. The darker the colour, the higher the relative total count for each 10km square.  The darkest blue represents 16-28 birds. More about the Long-tailed Tit in Pembrokeshire