Tree Pipit – first and last dates

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February

Earlier records are summarised in Tree Pipit 1994

YearFirst arrivalLast date recorded
199317 April23 September
199420 April23 October
19952 April29 October
19967 April10 October
19979 April11 October
19989 April10 October
199928 April17 October
200014 April14 October
200110 April24 September
200226 March2 October
200317 April21 September
200422 April31 October
200511 April19 September
200615 April15 October
200715 April7 October
20087 April13 October
200930 AprilSeptember
201018 April11 October
201116 April20 October
201227 April22 July
201316 April22 September
201427 March22 September
20156 April12 October
201613 April8 October
20171 April2 September
201820 April10 October
20198 April19 September
202020 April19 September

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Tree Pipit in Pembrokeshire

Tree Pipit – 2003-07 breeding

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February

Comparison with previous atlas:

1984-882003-07
Breeding confirmed131
Breeding probable6524
Breeding possible65
No of tetrads occupied84 (of 478)30 (of 490)
Percentage of tetrads 17.6%6.1%

Since the 1984-88 tetrad survey, Tree Pipits have undergone significant declines as a breeding species in Pembrokeshire.

These data suggest that Tree Pipits have disappeared from ca. 60% of the tetrads in which they were recorded in the 1984-88 survey.  A glance at the tetrad map confirms that, whilst the strong bias in distribution remains east of a line from Newport on the north coast to the east of the Daugleddau Estuary, Tree Pipits are now absent from the majority of tetrads in which they were recorded in the first tetrad survey to the west of this line.  The 25 tetrads in which Tree Pipits were recorded as confirmed or probable breeding in the 2003-07 survey are clustered around the Gwaun Valley and lower flanks of the Preseli Hills, and around the Canaston/Minwear Woods and areas south to Lawrenny and Martletwy in mid Pembrokeshire.

The dramatic rate of decline suffered by this species in Pembrokeshire far outstrips the national rate of decline. The BBS data for the UK during the period of 1994 and 2007 indicated a rate of change of -11% and raises questions about its future in the county.  The reasons for the rapid decline in the breeding population of Tree Pipits are not known, although factors such as loss or deterioration in the quality of breeding habitat are likely to have played a major part. 

Habitat loss has almost certainly occurred, as forestry plantations have either been clear-felled or have matured and closed-over; woodland glades have been in-filled by scrub or bracken encroachment, and structurally diverse edges to semi-natural habitats have been lost, as a result of changes in farming practices.  Other key factors are likely to include survival of birds on their sub-Saharan wintering grounds. The 1984-88 survey used an estimated average density of 10 pairs per occupied tetrad to arrive at a county population estimate of 800 pairs. The breeding population during the 2003-07 survey, using the same density estimate, was probably 250 pairs, or less if the average density had decreased.

Jane Hodges

Records extracted from the Pembrokeshire Bird Reports, which may contain more detail than shown here.

More about the Tree Pipit in Pembrokeshire

Tree Pipit – 1994

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February

1984-88
Breeding confirmed13
Breeding probable65
Breeding possible6
No of tetrads occupied84 (of 478)
Percentage of tetrads 17.6%

Mathew (1894) described the Tree Pipit as a common summer visitor. Lockley et al. ( 1949) stated that Tree Pipits did not breed on the exposed western coast and Saunders (1976) that they were only encountered on passage in the western coastal fringe. However, the Breeding Birds Survey of 1984-1988 found them breeding in several places on the western coastal plain (see map), but they mainly breed east of a line running north to south through Haverfordwest. At an estimated average of ten pairs per tetrad, the breeding population is probably about 800 pairs.

Only small numbers of Tree Pipits are seen on passage in Pembrokeshire, mostly along the coast and on the offshore islands. Passage occurs between 1 April and early June, with an early bird at Skokholm on 16 March 1966, and again from August to 13 October, with a late occurrence at Strumble Head on 22 October 1983.

Donovan J.W. & Rees G.H, 1994, Birds of Pembrokeshire

SAUNDERS, D.R. 1976. A brief guide to the birds of Pembrokeshire. Five Arches Press.

More about the Tree Pipit in Pembrokeshire

Tree Pipit

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February

Tree Pipit – 2003-07 breeding

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February Comparison with previous atlas: 1984-88 2003-07 Breeding confirmed 13 1 Breeding probable 65 24 Breeding possible 6 5 No of tetrads occupied 84 (of 478) 30 (of 490) Percentage of tetrads 17.6% 6.1% Since the 1984-88 tetrad […]

Tree Pipit – 1994

Anthus trivialis – CORHEDYDD Y COED – Breeding summer visitor and passage migrant. Not recorded from November to February 1984-88 Breeding confirmed 13 Breeding probable 65 Breeding possible 6 No of tetrads occupied 84 (of 478) Percentage of tetrads 17.6% Mathew (1894) described the Tree Pipit as a common summer visitor. Lockley et al. ( 1949) stated that […]

Tree Pipit – 1949

Species account from the Birds of Pembrokeshire, 1949, by Lockley, Ingram and Salmon.

Tree Pipit – 1894

Anthus trivialis A common summer visitor. Mr. Dix writes: “Generally distributed, but is by no means numerous.” We used to see it every summer at Stone Hall, and noted it at St. David’s, &c, &c. Mathew M.A. 1894, Birds of Pembrokeshire and its Islands More about the Tree Pipit in Pembrokeshire